High temperature thermomechanical and bithermal fatigue behavior was investigated for two superalloys: cast nickel-base B1900+Hf and wrought cobalt-base Haynes 188. Experimental results were generated to support development of an advanced thermal fatigue life prediction method. Strain controlled thermomechanical and load-controlled, strain-limited, bithermal fatigue tests were used to determine the fatigue crack initiation and cyclic stress-strain response characteristics of superalloys. Bithermal temperatures of 483 and 871 C were used for B1900+Hf, and 316 and 760 C for Haynes 188. Thermomechanical fatigue tests were conducted by using maximum and minimum temperatures corresponding to those for the bithermal experiments. Lives cover the range from about 10 to 3000 cycles to failure. Isothermal fatigue results obtained previously are also discussed.